The Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales-Revised (TAPES-R) is a
multidimensional instrument designed to examine the psychosocial processes involved in adjusting to amputation and a prosthesis.

There are four sections:tapes

  1. Psychosocial adjustment (general adjustment, social adjustment, and adjustment to limitation subscales);
  2. Activity restriction;
  3. Satisfaction with the prosthesis (functional and aesthetic);
  4. Exploration of phantom limb pain, residual limb pain, and other medical conditions not related to the amputation.

The TAPES-R may be freely copied and downloaded for teaching, clinical and/or research purposes.


Salient psychometric data are published in:

Gallagher, P., & MacLachlan, M. (2000). Development and Psychometric evaluation of the Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales (TAPES). Rehabilitation Psychology, 45, 130-154.

Gallagher, P., Franchignoni, F., Giordano, A., & MacLachlan, M. (2010). Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales: A psychometric assessment using Classical Test Theory and Rasch Analysis (TAPES). American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89(6): 487-496.

Download the TAPES-R.

Download a guide to the TAPES-R.

This file can be opened with Adobe Acrobat Reader which can be downloaded free at www.adobe.com